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:: Volume 3, Issue 1 (1-2012) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2012, 3(1): 377-381 Back to browse issues page
Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory features of patients hospitalized with 2009 pandemic influenza in north of Iran
Narges Najafi , Ali Reza Davoudi , Farhang Baba Mahmoodi , Atefe Tayebi , Sharyar Alian , Roya Ghassemian , Ahmad Alikhani
Abstract:   (4606 Views)
Background: The clinical manifestations and outcome of influenza infection differ between various patients in the world. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical manifestations of patients with confirmed or suspected novel H1N1 flu infection in Sari, North of Iran.
Methods: From September 2009 to January 2010, the patients’ data were collected by retrospective chart review of medical records. Laboratory confirmation included a positive RT–PCR (reverse transcriptase–polymerase-chain-reaction assay) from a nasal or pharyngeal swab sample.
Results: Nearly 80% of established patients were in age group of 15-45 years. Approximately 14.6% of female cases were pregnant There was no significant difference in clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with confirmed H1N1 virus infection to total cases with Influenza Like Illness (ILI). Thirty nine (95.1%) of the established patients had a combination of fever plus sore throat or cough. Relative lymphopenia was reported in 36.6%. Pneumonia was the most common complication. Acute pericarditis evolved in one case and aseptic meningitis was reported in another.
Conclusion: Precise collecting information of clinical manifestations, risk factors and other characteristics of flu, can help to the early infection detection, timely treatment of patients and proper preventive measurements.
Keywords: Novel influenza A (H1N1), Pandemic, Acute respiratory distress
Full-Text [PDF 120 kb]   (1260 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Received: 2014/01/15 | Accepted: 2014/01/15 | Published: 2014/01/15
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Najafi N, Davoudi A R, Baba Mahmoodi F, Tayebi A, Alian S, Ghassemian R et al . Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory features of patients hospitalized with 2009 pandemic influenza in north of Iran. Caspian J Intern Med. 2012; 3 (1) :377-381
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-138-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 1 (1-2012) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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