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:: Volume 4, Issue 3 (1-2013) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2013, 4(3): 712-716 Back to browse issues page
Population pharmacokinetics of omeprazole in a random Iranian population
Shahran Ala *, Fatemeh Zanad, Mohammad Reza Shiran
Abstract:   (4269 Views)
Background: Omeprazole is metabolized predominantly by CYP2C19, a polymorphically expressed enzymes that show marked interindividual and interethnic variation. These variations cause a substantial differences that have been reported in the pharmacokinetics of omeprazole. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetic parameters of omeprazole in a random Iranian population.
Methods: From the 20 subjects, only 17 healthy unrelated individuals of either sex (9 females age range 22-24 years) participated in the study. After an overnight fasting, a sample of blood was collected. The subjects received a single oral dose of 40 mg capsule of omeprazole (losec) and blood samples were taken up to 8 hours. Omeprazole was analyzed by the HPLC method and population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed using population pharmacokinetic modelling software P-Pharm.
Results: The mean value for apparent plasma clearance (CL/F) was 20.8±6.9 (L.h-1). The corresponding value for apparent volume of distribution (V/F), and t1/2 beta were 21.6±7.5 (L) and 0.8±0.3 (h), respectively. A comparison of the weight normalized V/F and CL/F of omeprazole between males and females revealed that both parameters were significantly higher in females than males (p?0.03).
Conclusion: These results show a substantial interindividual variability in omeprazole pharmacokinetics and this might affect the therapeutic effects of omeprazole as reported previously.
Keywords: Population pharmacokinetics, Omeprazole, Iranian
Full-Text [PDF 171 kb]   (1401 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Received: 2014/01/17 | Accepted: 2014/01/17 | Published: 2014/01/17
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Ala S, Zanad F, Shiran M R. Population pharmacokinetics of omeprazole in a random Iranian population. Caspian J Intern Med. 2013; 4 (3) :712-716
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-210-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 3 (1-2013) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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