:: Volume 8, Number 3 (6-2017) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2017, 8(3): 135-145 Back to browse issues page
Cadmium toxicity and treatment: An update
Mehrdad Rafati-Rahimzadeh, Mehravar Rafati-Rahimzadeh, Sohrab Kazemi, Aliakbar Moghadamnia *
PharmD, PhD Celullar and Molecular Biology Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , moghadamnia@gmail.com
Abstract:   (913 Views)

Cadmium poisoning has been reported from many parts of the world. It is one of the global health problems that affect many organs and in some cases it can cause deaths annually. Long-term exposure to cadmium through air, water, soil, and food leads to cancer and organ system toxicity such as skeletal, urinary, reproductive, cardiovascular, central and peripheral nervous, and respiratory systems. Cadmium levels can be measured in the blood, urine, hair, nail and saliva samples. Patients with cadmium toxicity need gastrointestinal tract irrigation, supportive care, and chemical decontamination traditional-based chelation therapy with appropriate new chelating agents and nanoparticle-based antidotes. Furthermore it has been likewise recommended to determine the level of food contamination and suspicious areas, consider public education and awareness programs for the exposed people to prevent cadmium poisoning.

Keywords: Cadmium, Poisoning, decontamination, nanoparticles, chelating agents
Full-Text [PDF 423 kb]   (289 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Health
Received: 2016/06/26 | Accepted: 2017/04/8 | Published: 2017/06/12



DOI: 10.22088/cjim.8.3.135


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Volume 8, Number 3 (6-2017) Back to browse issues page