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:: دوره 9، شماره 2 - ( 10-1396 ) ::
جلد 9 شماره 2 صفحات 178-183 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Prevalence and severity of ocular involvement in Graves’ disease according to sex and age: A clinical study from Babol, Iran
چکیده:   (1713 مشاهده)
Background: Thyroid-associated eye disease (TED), previously known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy is a cosmetically and functionally debilitating disease that is seen worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical severity of ocular manifestations of Graves’ disease according to sex, age and duration in northern Iran.
Methods: Between April 2011 and March 2012, 105 patients with Graves’ disease, underwent ophthalmic examination, including ocular motility, exophthalmometry, intraocular pressure (IOP), slit lamp and fundoscopy. Patients received scores according to modified Werner’s NO SPECS classification.
Results: Ocular involvement was found in 70 patients with established Graves’s disease. The mean age was 35.0 years, (SD 13.0, range 15 to 69). The most common ocular findings were exophthalmometric proptosis of more than 20 mm (63.8%), lid lag (55.7%), lid retraction (52.8%) and tearing (38.6%). Almost 70% of patients had bilateral involvement. Elevated IOP was seen in 15 (25.4%) patients, and was significantly related to proptosis (P=0.007). More than half of the patients (n=36, 52.2%) had a modified Werner’s NO SPECS score of 3.00. Clinical severity as shown by the increasing number of signs and symptoms per patient was correlated to increasing age (r=0.31, P=0.01) but not to gender (P=0.17).
Conclusions: Both functional (ocular motility disorders, increased IOP) and cosmetic (proptosis, periorbital edema) sequels are common ocular presentations in patients with Graves' disease. Proptosis was the most common finding in this study and was associated with elevated IOP. Clinical severity was found to correlate to increasing age.

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نوع مطالعه: Original Article | موضوع مقاله: Ophtalmology
دریافت: ۱۳۹۵/۷/۲۶ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۲۰ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۲۹
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Gharib S, Moazezi Z, Bayani M. Prevalence and severity of ocular involvement in Graves’ disease according to sex and age: A clinical study from Babol, Iran. Caspian J Intern Med. 2018; 9 (2) :178-183
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-888-fa.html

Prevalence and severity of ocular involvement in Graves’ disease according to sex and age: A clinical study from Babol, Iran. 1. 1396; 9 (2) :178-183

URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-888-fa.html



دوره 9، شماره 2 - ( 10-1396 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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