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:: دوره 14، شماره 1 - ( 10-1401 ) ::
جلد 14 شماره 1 صفحات 52-47 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Resistance to Single-agent Chemotherapy for Low-risk Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia
چکیده:   (1455 مشاهده)
Background: Methotrexate (MTX) and actinomycin D (ActD) have been used as first-line chemotherapy agents in the treatment of low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). Although low-risk GTN is considered a curable disease, its reported primary remission rates of 49 to 93% reflect the difficulties of treatment and different factors influencing it. Hence, this study aimed to determine the remission rates and related factors of single-agent chemotherapy resistance in low-risk GTN patients.
Methods: This retrospective study included patients with diagnosed low-risk GTN who received either MTX once a week (IM, 30mg/m2) or ActD once every two weeks (pulsed IV, 1.25mg/m2). Then, the patients were followed-up until complete remission or single-agent treatment failure to assess resistance rate and related factors.  
Results: Eighty-four patients were included in the study (18 patients were receiving MTX and 66 patients were receiving ActD). 85.7% of all participants achieved complete remission after first-line chemotherapy (72.2% in MTX vs 89.4% in ActD). There was a significant association for higher tumor size (P=0.046), the occurrence of metastasis (P=0.019), and pretreatment β-HCG levels (P=0.005) with resistance to treatment.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated higher tumor size, the occurrence of metastasis, and pretreatment β-HCG levels have been associated with increased resistance to first-line chemotherapy agents.
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نوع مطالعه: Original Article | موضوع مقاله: Oncology
دریافت: 1400/10/8 | پذیرش: 1400/11/24 | انتشار: 1401/10/21
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Sheikhhasani S, Abdolrazaghnejad A, Mousavi A S, Akhavan S, Zamani N, Feizabad E. Resistance to Single-agent Chemotherapy for Low-risk Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia. Caspian J Intern Med 2023; 14 (1) :47-52
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3295-fa.html

Resistance to Single-agent Chemotherapy for Low-risk Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia. 1. 1401; 14 (1) :47-52

URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3295-fa.html



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دوره 14، شماره 1 - ( 10-1401 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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