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:: Volume 3, Issue 1 (1-2012) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2012, 3(1): 386-396 Back to browse issues page
Role of oxidative stress in pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome
Soleiman Mahjoub , Jila Masrour Roudsari
Abstract:   (5548 Views)
The metabolic syndrome (MS) recognized as a major cause of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, has become one of the major public health challenges worldwide. The pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome is multiple and still poorly understood. No single factor has yet been identified as an underlying causal factor. There is a growing belief, however, that obesity, specially visceral obesity, may play an important role in the development of the syndrome. Visceral adiposity seems to be an independent predictor of insulin sensitivity, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidaemia and elevated blood pressure. An increasing number of studies confirm that oxidative stress, chronic inflammation and angiogenesis all play important roles in the pathogenesis of MS. Chronic hyperglycemia causes oxidative stress in tissues prone to complications in patients with diabetes. Oxidative stress occurs in a cellular system when the production of free radical moieties exceeds the antioxidant capacity of that system. If cellular antioxidants do not remove free radicals, radicals attack and damage proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The oxidized or nitrosylated products of free radical attack have decreased biological activity, leading to loss of energy metabolism, cell signaling, transport, and other major functions. These altered products are also targeted for proteosome degradation, further decreasing cellular function. Accumulation of such injury ultimately leads a cell to die through necrotic or apoptotic mechanisms.In conclusion, a puzzle of many pieces of evidence suggests that free radical overgeneration may be considered the key in the generation of insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
Keywords: Oxidative stress, Metabolic syndrome, Pathogenesis, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases
Full-Text [PDF 365 kb]   (1185 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Received: 2014/01/15 | Accepted: 2014/01/15 | Published: 2014/01/15
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Mahjoub S, Masrour Roudsari J. Role of oxidative stress in pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. Caspian J Intern Med. 2012; 3 (1) :386-396
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-134-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 1 (1-2012) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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