:: Volume 4, Issue 3 (1-2013) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2013, 4(3): 698-701 Back to browse issues page
Current spectrum of bacterial infections in patients with nosocomial fever and neutropenia
Davood Yadegarynia , Alireza Fatemi, Masih Mahdizadeh, Reihaneh Kabiri Movahhed, Mohammad Afshin Alizadeh
Abstract:   (5363 Views)
Background: Neutropenic patients are vulnerable to a wide spectrum of infectious agents. The aim of this study was to determine the current frequency of bacterial infections in patients with nosocomial fever and neutropenia.
Methods: In a retrospective study, the neutropenic patients’ specimens with nosocomial fever were cultured on blood and MacConkey agar plates and evaluated at microbiology laboratory. Ninety-five significant isolates as species level were recognized by bacteriological techniques.
Results: The most observed microorganism was Escherichia coli, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumanii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Coagulase positive staphylococci and Coagulase negative staphylococci. One fungal infection was also observed. Overall, 67% of the organisms were gram negative, 29.8% gram positive, and 3.2% polymicrobial.
Conclusion: The changing pattern of infectious agents in neutropenic patients overtime postulates the necessity of other studies to give the most up-to-date insight of the organisms to physicians.
Keywords: Bacterial Infections, Spectrum, Nosocomial, Fever, Neutropenia
Full-Text [PDF 99 kb]   (1235 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Received: 2014/01/17 | Accepted: 2014/01/17 | Published: 2014/01/17

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Volume 4, Issue 3 (1-2013) Back to browse issues page