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:: Volume 11, Issue 3 (5-2020) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2020, 11(3): 315-323 Back to browse issues page
The assessment of function, histopathological changes, and oxidative stress in liver tissue due to ionizing and non-ionizing radiations
Sajad Borzoueisileh , Ali Shabestani Monfared , Hossein Ghorbani , S. M. J. Mortazavi , Mohsen Shafiee , Amir Hossein Doustimotlagh , Ebrahim Zabihi , Mehdi Pouramir , Fatemeh Niksirat
Cancer Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol Iran , monfared_ali@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (664 Views)
Background: Compared to past decades, humans are exposed to rapidly increasing levels of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiations (RF-EMF). Despite numerous studies, the biological effects of human exposure to different levels of RF-EMF are not fully understood yet. This study aimed to evaluate the bioeffects of exposure to "900/1800 MHz" and “2.4 GHz" RF-EMFs, and x-rays alone as well as their potential interactions, i.e. inducing simple additive, adaptive, or synergistic effects.
Methods: 120 Wistar rats were randomly divided into ten groups of 12 each. The rats were exposed to RF-EMF, 10 cGy, and 8 Gy x-rays, a combination of these exposures, or only sham-exposed. The levels of liver enzymes were determined in serum samples by an autoanalyzer. Moreover, the histopathological changes, and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide, ferric reducing antioxidant power, total thiols, and protein carbonyl (PCO) were measured. Results: Among the markers of liver function, gamma-glutamyltransferase was not associated with irradiation but, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, and alkaline phosphatase showed some levels of association. MDA and PCO levels after 8 Gy irradiation increased, but pre-exposure to RF-EMF could modulate their changes. At the cellular level, the frequency of lobular inflammation was associated with the type of intervention.
Conclusion: The exposure to both ionizing and non-ionizing radiations could alter some liver function tests. A short term pre-exposure to RF-EMF before exposure to an 8 Gy challenging dose of x-rays caused the alterations in oxidative stress markers and liver function tests, which indicate that oxidative stress is possibly involved in the adaptive response.
Keywords: EMF, Ionizing Radiation, Liver, Liver Function Tests, oxidative stress
Full-Text [PDF 343 kb]   (114 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Internal
Received: 2019/12/2 | Accepted: 2020/04/7 | Published: 2020/05/21
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Borzoueisileh S, Shabestani Monfared A, Ghorbani H, Mortazavi S M J, Shafiee M, Doustimotlagh A H, et al . The assessment of function, histopathological changes, and oxidative stress in liver tissue due to ionizing and non-ionizing radiations. Caspian J Intern Med. 2020; 11 (3) :315-323
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2131-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 3 (5-2020) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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