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:: دوره 13، شماره 3 - ( 3-1401 ) ::
جلد 13 شماره 3 صفحات 588-582 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
The association between Antihypertensive drugs and oral health- related quality of life in the elderly: results of Amirkola cohort study
چکیده:   (301 مشاهده)
Background: Hypertension is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. The prevalence of hypertension in the elderly is increasing. Patients with high blood pressure have to take medication throughout their lives. In this study, the relationship between antihypertensive drugs and oral health-related quality of life in the elderly was evaluated.
Methods: This modified cross-sectional study, which is the part of the second phase of the Amirkola Health and Ageing Project (AHAP), was performed on 900 elderly people. Participants included 300 people with hypertension under medical treatment, 300 people with hypertension without medication and 300 people with normal blood pressure. All patients’ blood pressure was recorded, and the standard xerostomia questionnaire and GOHAI questionnaire (Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index) was completed for all participants. Then, the obtained data were analyzed by SPSS 17, whereby student’s t-test, ANOVA and chi square, Pearson correlation coefficient and logistic regression model were used. A p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The mean GOHAI score in the three studied groups: hypertensive under medication treatment, hypertensive without medication treatment and normal blood pressure (51.1±7.4, 51.7±7.3, 51.1±7.5, respectively) did not differ significantly (P=0.533).The frequency of xerostomia was significantly different in the three groups (P=0.008). Among the antihypertensive drugs, the highest rate of xerostomia was due to the use of calcium channel blockers (31.1%) and diuretics (26.8%).
Conclusion: In our study, although antihypertensive medications were associated with xerostomia, they did not decrease the oral health-related quality of life.

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نوع مطالعه: Original Article | موضوع مقاله: Dentistry
دریافت: 1400/6/7 | پذیرش: 1400/12/2 | انتشار: 1401/3/11
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Langari S F, Hosseini S R, Bijani A, Jenabian N, Motalebnejad M, Mahmoodi E, et al . The association between Antihypertensive drugs and oral health- related quality of life in the elderly: results of Amirkola cohort study. Caspian J Intern Med. 2022; 13 (3) :582-588
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3079-fa.html

The association between Antihypertensive drugs and oral health- related quality of life in the elderly: results of Amirkola cohort study. 1. 1401; 13 (3) :588-582

URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3079-fa.html



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دوره 13، شماره 3 - ( 3-1401 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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