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:: دوره 2، شماره 3 - ( 10-1389 ) ::
جلد 2 شماره 3 صفحات 270-273 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Comparison of parenteral promethazine versus midazolam effect as a preoperative medication on postoperative nausea and vomiting after appendectomy
چکیده:   (13198 مشاهده)
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting is a high unpleasant symptom in surgical procedures. This study compares the effectiveness of midazolam with promethazine as multipurpose drug in postoperative nausea and vomiting as a preoperative and anesthetic medication after appendectomy.
Methods: This randomized, double – blind clinical trial study was performed in patients who underwent appendectomy. These patients randomly received either placebo or midazolam or promethazine 5 minutes before appendectomy. All episodes of vomiting and nausea within 24 hours after surgery were recorded. The study population (N=75) comprised 3 comparable subgroups (N=25 in each group). A standard general anesthetic technique and postoperative analgesia were used. The data were collected and analyzed.
Results: Vomiting and nausea occurred in 19.20%, 0% and 81.80% of the patients in the midazolam, promethazine and placebo groups, respectively. The frequency of postoperative nausea and vomiting was as follows: the first 6 hours after surgery 0%, 0% and 50%, during the second 6 hours after surgery 19%, 0% and 19%, during the third 6 hours after surgery 0%, 0% and 7%, during the fourth 6 hours after surgery 0%, 0% and 4% in the midazolam, promethazine and placebo groups, respectively. There were no significant differences between promethazine with midazolam in reduction of postoperative nausea and vomiting.
Conclusion: Our study suggests that midazolam can be used as multipurpose drugs in postoperative nausea and vomiting as a preoperative medication after appendectomy and treatment using midazolam for anti-emetic, prophylaxis provide a similar effect compared to promethazine in the present study.
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نوع مطالعه: Original Article | موضوع مقاله: Infectious Diseases
دریافت: 1392/10/25 | پذیرش: 1392/10/25 | انتشار: 1392/10/25
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Shirdashtzadeh N, Eshraghi N, Eshraghi A. Comparison of parenteral promethazine versus midazolam effect as a preoperative medication on postoperative nausea and vomiting after appendectomy. Caspian J Intern Med. 2011; 2 (3) :270-273
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-119-fa.html

Comparison of parenteral promethazine versus midazolam effect as a preoperative medication on postoperative nausea and vomiting after appendectomy. 1. 1389; 2 (3) :270-273

URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-119-fa.html



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دوره 2، شماره 3 - ( 10-1389 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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