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:: Volume 13, Issue 2 (Spring 2022) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2022, 13(2): 431-435 Back to browse issues page
The Early Historical Report of Alcohol Hepatotoxicity in Minooye Kherad, a Pahlavi Manuscript in Ancient Persia, 6th Century CE
Hanan Hamdi , Samaneh Soleymani , Arman Zargaran *
Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , zargarana@sums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1377 Views)
Background: Historical evidence revealed that alcoholic beverages have been produced, used and abused thousands of years before the discovery of alcohol by Rhazes for medical purposes. Alcohol-induced liver disease (e.g., steatosis, steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis) is one of the most prevalent causes of chronic liver disease all over the world. This study aims to find the early report of this complication in an ancient Persian historical text.
Methods: In this study, the book of Minooye Kherad, a Zoroastrian manuscript on wisdom which was written in the late Sassanid Empire (224–637 CE) is reviewed.
Results: However, the concept of alcohol hepatotoxicity as one of the most important complications of alcoholism is a new terminology, by researching historical documents it can be found that one of the oldest reports of benefits and disadvantages of drinking wine focusing on liver complications is mentioned in the book of Minooye.
Conclusion: Description of the liver disease and damage caused by excessive alcohol consumption in this valuable book can be considered as the early report of hepatotoxicity of alcoholic beverages in the medical history.
Keywords: Alcoholism, history of medicine, liver injury, Persian Medicine, wine
Full-Text [PDF 267 kb]   (650 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Short Communication | Subject: Traditional Medicine
Received: 2021/01/20 | Accepted: 2021/07/3 | Published: 2022/02/13
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Hamdi H, Soleymani S, Zargaran A. The Early Historical Report of Alcohol Hepatotoxicity in Minooye Kherad, a Pahlavi Manuscript in Ancient Persia, 6th Century CE. Caspian J Intern Med 2022; 13 (2) :431-435
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2720-en.html

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Volume 13, Issue 2 (Spring 2022) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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