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:: Volume 9, Issue 3 (5-2018) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2018, 9(3): 268-275 Back to browse issues page
Lifestyle patterns in the Iranian population: Self- organizing map application
Samaneh Akbarpour, Davood Khalili, Hojjat Zeraati, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Araz Ramezankhani, Akbar Fotouhi
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , afotouhi@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1932 Views)
Background: The present study evaluated the lifestyle behavior patterns and its associations with demographic factors in the Iranian population.
Methods: A total of 8244 people aged 25-70 years who participated in a national survey in 2011 were included in the study. Factors related to lifestyle (such as diet, physical activity, and tobacco use) have been collected using a questionnaire. A self-organizing map was used for cluster analysis and a multinomial logistic model was used for assessment of associations.
Results: Seven clusters were identified as the following: cluster 1 (15.84%): healthiest lifestyle; cluster 2 (12.45%): excessive consumption of sweet tasting soft drinks, salt, and fast food; cluster 3 (33.73%): no recreational physical activity; cluster 4 (6.86%) alcohol consumption, smoking, and consumption of sweet tasting soft drinks; cluster 5 (14.18%): less salt and oil intake and lack of physical activity; cluster 6 (7.85%): no use of dairy products; cluster 7 (9.08%): the most unhealthy lifestyles; excessive work-related physical activity and smoking and unhealthy diet. Male gender was associated with higher odds of being in clusters 4 and 7. Individuals who were in unhealthy lifestyle clusters were mostly less educated and more self-employed or laborers.
Conclusions: A very small percentage of individuals was in the healthy lifestyle cluster yet they had poor nutrition. Health policy-makers should pay more attention to low recreational physical activity among elder people and in middle-aged and housekeepers, and also to high work-related physical activities that have a strong tendency to be in a cluster with smoking among workers and less educated men.

Keywords: lifestyle pattern, self-organizing map, cluster analysis, lifestyle, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 372 kb]   (350 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health
Received: 2017/10/19 | Accepted: 2018/01/6 | Published: 2018/05/9
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Akbarpour S, Khalili D, Zeraati H, Mansournia M A, Ramezankhani A, Fotouhi A. Lifestyle patterns in the Iranian population: Self- organizing map application . Caspian J Intern Med. 2018; 9 (3) :268-275
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-1257-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 3 (5-2018) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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