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:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2019) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2019, 10(3): 276-280 Back to browse issues page
Expression analysis of beta-secretase 1 (BACE1) enzyme in peripheral blood of patients with Alzheimer's disease
Alireza Vakilian , Javad Masoumi , Saeid Mirzaee , Hossein Khorramdelazad *
Molecular Medicine Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran , khorramdelazad@gmail.com
Abstract:   (408 Views)
Background: Recent evidence has indicated that beta-secretase 1 (BACE1) is involved in the production of amyloid beta (Aβ) in patients affected with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Therefore; the purpose of this study was to measure mRNA and plasma levels of BACE1 in AD patients, as an early diagnosis biomarker for such individuals.
Methods: A total number of thirty AD patients and thirty normal subjects as controls were recriuted in the present study. Plasma levels of BACE1 were then examined via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and also mRNA expression of BACE1 in total blood was measured using real-time PCR technique.
Results: The findings revealed a significant difference in gene expression of BACE1 in the peripheral blood of AD patients compared with that in controls (p<0.0001). Additionally, elevated plasma levels of BACE1 were found in AD patients compared with those in normal subjects (p<0.01). Statistical analyses also demonstrated no correlation between expression (mRNA and protein) of BACE1 in both AD patients and controls and age or the results of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scale (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Given the importance of early diagnosis of AD patients, it was suggested that the measurement of plasma levels and also mRNA expression of BACE1 might be a valuable blood-based biomarker used in preference to other invasive diagnostic methods such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis.
Keywords: BACE1, Alzheimer’s disease, biomarker
Full-Text [PDF 404 kb]   (57 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Imonology
Received: 2018/10/20 | Accepted: 2019/01/29 | Published: 2019/07/27
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Vakilian A, Masoumi J, Mirzaee S, Khorramdelazad H. Expression analysis of beta-secretase 1 (BACE1) enzyme in peripheral blood of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Caspian J Intern Med. 2019; 10 (3) :276-280
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-1635-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2019) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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