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:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2019) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2019, 10(3): 241-264 Back to browse issues page
Therapeutic options to treat mustard gas poisoning – Review
Mehrdad Rafati-Rahimzadeh , Mehravar Rafati-Rahimzadeh , Sohrab Kazemi , Ali Akbar Moghadamnia *
Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , aliamoghadamnia@gmail.com
Abstract:   (906 Views)
Among the blistering (vesicant) chemical warfare agents (CWA), sulfur mustard is the most important since it is known as the “King of chemical warfare agents”. The use of sulfur mustard has caused serious damages in several organs, especially the eyes, skin, respiratory, central and peripheral nervous systems after short and long term exposure, incapacitating and even killing people and troops. In this review, chemical properties, mechanism of actions and their effects on each organ, clinical manifestations, diagnostic evaluation of the actions triage, and treatment of injuries have been described.
Keywords: Sulfur mustard, Mustard gas, blistering (vesicant) agents, bronchopneumonia, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Full-Text [PDF 636 kb]   (133 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: pharmacology
Received: 2018/12/12 | Accepted: 2019/02/3 | Published: 2019/07/27
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Rafati-Rahimzadeh M, Rafati-Rahimzadeh M, Kazemi S, Moghadamnia A A. Therapeutic options to treat mustard gas poisoning – Review. Caspian J Intern Med. 2019; 10 (3) :241-264
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-1687-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2019) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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