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:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2019) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2019, 10(3): 281-288 Back to browse issues page
Relationship of social capital with overweight and obesity among female health care workers
Mojgan Firouzbakht , Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi , Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki , Abbas Ebadi , Aram Tirgar * , Maryam Nikpour
Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , a.tirgar@mubabol.ac.ir
Abstract:   (779 Views)
Background: The epidemic of obesity has turned into a major global health challenge. Environmental and social factors such as social capital, can significantly affect obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship of social capital with overweight and obesity among female health-care workers.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018 on 680 female health-care workers who were randomly selected from healthcare settings affiliated to Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and the Workplace Social Capital (WSC) questionnaire. The SPSS Version 21 was employed to analyze the data through conducting the independent-sample t and the chi-square tests as well as the linear and the logistic regression analyses at a significance level of less than 0.05.
Results: Linear regression analysis revealed that age, marital status, satisfaction with economic status, and structural social capital were significant predictors of body mass index (P<0.05). Moreover, logistic regression analysis indicated that weak social capital increased the odds of overweight/ obesity by 1.3 times (OR=1.345; 95% CI: 0.643–2.812) and weak structural social capital significantly increased the odds of overweight /obesity by almost four times (OR=3.757; 95% CI: 1.628–8.671; P=0.002).
Conclusion: Social capital, particularly structural social capital, is a significant predictor of body mass index and a protective factor against obesity among female health-care workers. Further studies are needed to determine the paths through which social capital affects obesity- and overweight-related behaviors.ش
Keywords: Overweight, Obesity, Social capital, Female workers, Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 521 kb]   (128 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health
Received: 2019/01/1 | Accepted: 2019/02/26 | Published: 2019/07/27
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Firouzbakht M, Riahi M E, Hajian-Tilaki K, Ebadi A, Tirgar A, Nikpour M. Relationship of social capital with overweight and obesity among female health care workers. Caspian J Intern Med. 2019; 10 (3) :281-288
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-1705-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2019) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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