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:: Volume 11, Issue 3 (5-2020) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2020, 11(3): 283-289 Back to browse issues page
Red cell membrane protein abnormalities as defined by sds-page among patients with anaemia in a west african region hospital practice
Adedoyin Dosunmu , Ebele Uche , Bodunrin Osikomaiya , Ayobami Ismail , Akinsegun Akinbami , Alani Akanmu
Dept of haematology and blood transfusion. Lagos State University College Of Medicine, Lagos , eifeyinwa2000@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (659 Views)
Background: Erythrocytes require an ability to deform and withstand shear stress while negotiating microcirculation. These properties are largely due to their excess surface area per volume and the characteristics of the membrane’s protein. Deficiencies of these proteins are associated with chronic hemolysis. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study aimed at determining the prevalence of red cell membrane protein abnormalities as determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) among patients with anemia attending the outpatient clinics of the hospital.
Results: A total of 823 participants were recruited into the study with a mean age of 34±14 years. There were 410 (49.8%) participants with hematocrit ≥ 36% and 413 with hematocrit ≤ 35.9% of which 192 participants (23.3%) had abnormal red cell indices. Following SDS-PAGE, 21 (10.9%) of the 192 participants had deficient PAGE tracing. Abnormal spectrin band was observed in 17 (81%) of the 21 participants. The hematocrit was significantly lower while the reticulocyte count and red cell distribution width were higher in participants with red cell membrane abnormalities.
Conclusion: One in ten patients with mild anemia and abnormal red cell indices in clinical practice may be having hereditary red cell membrane protein defect. Presence of raised reticulocyte count, family history of mild anemia, increased red cell distribution width and red cell morphology may be used to screen for membrane deficiency.
Keywords: red cell membrane proteins, Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate-Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, spectrin protein defects
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Hematology
Received: 2019/01/19 | Accepted: 2020/01/22 | Published: 2020/05/21
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Dosunmu A, Uche E, Osikomaiya B, Ismail A, Akinbami A, Akanmu A. Red cell membrane protein abnormalities as defined by sds-page among patients with anaemia in a west african region hospital practice. Caspian J Intern Med. 2020; 11 (3) :283-289
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-1729-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 3 (5-2020) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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