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:: Volume 4, Issue 1 (1-2013) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2013, 4(1): 607-610 Back to browse issues page
The prevalence of pediculus capitis among the middle schoolchildren in Fars Province, southern Iran
Mohammad Ali Davarpanah , Akbar Rasekhi Kazerouni , Hashem Rahmati , Roxana Neirami , Hamid Bakhtiary , Mohammad Sadeghi
Abstract:   (34263 Views)
Background: Pediculosis capitis is a common parasitic infection of children. In this study we assessed the prevalence of head pediculosis among the middle schoolchildren in the urban and rural areas of Fars province, southern Iran.
Methods: All middle schoolchildren ages 11-14, in all the urban and rural areas of the province were screened for head lice infestation by examining their hair and scalp. The parents of the infested children were also examined. The study was repeated in the different seasons in the same areas. Moreover, the infested children were treated with permethrin shampoo and re-examined one week later for any relapse.
Results: The general prevalence of head lice infestation in middle school students was 0.23% in autumn, 0.27% in winter and 0.11% in spring. In all three seasons, pediculosis capitis prevalence was higher among females and in the rural areas. Treatment with permethrin shampoo was markedly more successful in males from both regions in all months except the urban areas in spring.
Conclusion: The results show that pediculus capitis is generally uncommon among Fars Province middle schoolchildren. It is needed that health providers promote heath education programs especially in the rural areas.
Keywords: Pediculosis, Head Louse, Students, Permethrin
Full-Text [PDF 150 kb]   (1393 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Received: 2014/01/15 | Accepted: 2014/01/15 | Published: 2014/01/15
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Davarpanah M A, Rasekhi Kazerouni A, Rahmati H, Neirami R, Bakhtiary H, Sadeghi M. The prevalence of pediculus capitis among the middle schoolchildren in Fars Province, southern Iran. Caspian J Intern Med. 2013; 4 (1) :607-610
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-179-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 1 (1-2013) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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