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:: Volume 13 - Covid 19 Supplement 2 ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2022, 13 - Covid 19 Supplement 2: 264-269 Back to browse issues page
Altered Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid TNF-α, Caspase 3, and IL 1β in COVID-19 Disease
Mahtab Ramezani , Omidvar Rezaei , Ilad Alavi Darzam , Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili , Mahdi Amirdosara , Leila Simani , Abbas Aliaghaei
Department of Infectious Diseases, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , l.simani62@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1605 Views)
Background: We evaluated the levels of the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and caspase-3 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of COVID-19 patients to improve our knowledge about underlying mechanisms caused by this virus in central nervous system involvement.
Case Presentation: This case series study included six COVID-19 patients from March 26, 2020, to April 17, 2020, and six healthy control patients. CSF and serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and caspase-3 have been assayed using monoclonal antibodies-based ELISAs.
Patients with COVID-19 had significantly higher level of IL-1β, TNF-α, and caspase-3 in serum (239.16±35.73 pg/ml, 100.50±12.49 pg/ml, 3.58±0.11pg/ml, p < 0.001) and CSF (146.66±17.55 pg/ml, 63.16±14.68 pg/ml,3.22±0.03pg/ml, p<0.001), respectively as compared to control. In addition, our results showed that these biomarkers were significantly higher in serum compared with CSF of the COVID-19 patients (p<0.001).
Conclusion: This study provides essential information for understanding the pathogenesis of COVID-19 infection and sheds light on the potential mechanisms of virus transmission. The obtained data could be useful for designing new prevention and treatment strategies for COVID-19.
Keywords: Apoptosis, Inflammation, COVID-19
Full-Text [PDF 255 kb]   (689 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Case Series | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2020/09/19 | Accepted: 2021/01/18 | Published: 2022/04/6
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Ramezani M, Rezaei O, Alavi Darzam I, Hajiesmaeili M, Amirdosara M, Simani L et al . Altered Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid TNF-α, Caspase 3, and IL 1β in COVID-19 Disease. Caspian J Intern Med 2022; 13 :264-269
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2510-en.html


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Volume 13 - Covid 19 Supplement 2 Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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