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:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (Spring 2023) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2023, 14(2): 205-212 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between anthropometric indices and Mizaj (temperament) in Persian medicine
Mojgan Tansaz , Marjan Akhtari , Mohsen Naseri , Reza Majdzadeh , Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani , Mohammad Reza Shams-Ardakani , Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh , Abbas Ebadi , Morteza Mojahedi *
Traditional Medicine and History of Medical Sciences Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , mortazamojahedy@gmail.com
Abstract:   (406 Views)
Background: The process of diagnosis and treatment in Persian medicine (PM) are based on the concept of Mizaj (temperament). Among the indices of Mizaj determination, anthropometric indices are less influenceable regarding age change and other environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between anthropometric indices and Mizaj.
Methods: Four PM experts determined the Mizaj of 121 participants. Those who had ≥70% agreement in their Mizaj determination by the experts were selected and their anthropometric indices were measured. The best cutoff point of each index and its relationship with the defined Mizaj were extracted using Receiver Operative Characteristic Curve and Binary Logistic Regression.
Results: 52 out of 121 participants entered the main study. The warm-Mizaj people had larger dimensions in height, shoulder, chest, palm and sole width, and head height. Cold-Mizaj people had smaller dimensions in weight, height, shoulder, chest and head. High levels of BMI, chest depth and head dimensions had the highest correlation with the wet Mizaj and lower dimensions of these indices had the highest correlation with the dry Mizaj. 
Conclusion: Among the anthropometric indices, chest, palm, sole dimensions, head height and weight had the highest correlation with warmness/coldness and BMI, head width and chest dimensions had the highest correlation with wetness/dryness. The BMI which is more closely related to the soft tissue, only correlates with the wetness/dryness, while, bone dimensions are associated with warmness/coldness. Further studies are needed to metricize the anthropometric indices for Mizaj determination.
Keywords: Anthropometric indices, Mizaj, Persian Medicine, Personalized medicine, Temperament
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Traditional Medicine
Received: 2020/10/4 | Accepted: 2022/01/1 | Published: 2023/03/28
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Tansaz M, Akhtari M, Naseri M, Majdzadeh R, Saberi Isfeedvajani M, Shams-Ardakani M R, et al . Relationship between anthropometric indices and Mizaj (temperament) in Persian medicine. Caspian J Intern Med 2023; 14 (2) :205-212
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2537-en.html

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Volume 14, Issue 2 (Spring 2023) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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