[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 13, Issue 4 (Autumn 2022) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2022, 13(4): 765-771 Back to browse issues page
Complications of patients with thalassemia major and intermedia in a selected Iranian population
Vahid Azizi , Farida Abesi * , Ahmad Tamaddoni , Soraya Khafri
Dental Materials Research Center, Health Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , faridaabesi@yahoo.fr
Abstract:   (235 Views)
Background: Due to anemia in thalassemia major (TM) and thalassemia intermedia (TI) patients, bone changes occur, especially in the broad bones like jaw and skull, which are the main sites of hematopoiesis. Therefore, the dentist should be aware of the disease to prevent complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiographic findings of the jaw and teeth in TM and TI patients and to compare the two groups.
Methods: 50 TM patients and 50 TI patients in Amirkola Thalassemia Center, whose thalassemia were definitively diagnosed by a hematologist, were selected as the study group and the control group consisted of 50 healthy individuals. In patients` panoramic radiographs, dental anomalies (microdontia, root shortening etc.) and bone disorders (bone marrow hyperplasia, maxillary sinus invisibility etc.) were assessed. A p<0.05 was considered.
Results: Dental anomalies were (42.84%) in TI patients and (23.46%) in the control group, the difference was significant. Dental anomalies in TM patients were (38.76%) and in the control group (23.46%) and a significant difference was observed (p<0.001). Bone disorders were (47.94%) in TI patients and in the control group (32.64%). Bone disorders in TM patients were (44.88%) and in the control group was (32.64%) that showed a significant difference.
Conclusion: This study showed that in thalassemia patients, bone and dental disorders frequency were higher than healthy individuals. Bone disorders were also more common than dental anomalies. Dental and bone disorders were more common in TI.
Keywords: panoramic radiography, thalassemia major, thalassemia intermedia
Full-Text [PDF 217 kb]   (187 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Radiology
Received: 2021/11/6 | Accepted: 2022/01/1 | Published: 2022/09/28
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Azizi V, Abesi F, Tamaddoni A, Khafri S. Complications of patients with thalassemia major and intermedia in a selected Iranian population. Caspian J Intern Med 2022; 13 (4) :765-771
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3195-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 13, Issue 4 (Autumn 2022) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4508