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:: Volume 9, Issue 2 (1-2018) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2018, 9(2): 178-183 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence and severity of ocular involvement in Graves’ disease according to sex and age: A clinical study from Babol, Iran
Sara Gharib , Zoleika Moazezi, Mohammadali Bayani
Department Ophthalmology, Clinical Research Development Unit of Rouhani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , saragharib@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3365 Views)
Background: Thyroid-associated eye disease (TED), previously known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy is a cosmetically and functionally debilitating disease that is seen worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical severity of ocular manifestations of Graves’ disease according to sex, age and duration in northern Iran.
Methods: Between April 2011 and March 2012, 105 patients with Graves’ disease, underwent ophthalmic examination, including ocular motility, exophthalmometry, intraocular pressure (IOP), slit lamp and fundoscopy. Patients received scores according to modified Werner’s NO SPECS classification.
Results: Ocular involvement was found in 70 patients with established Graves’s disease. The mean age was 35.0 years, (SD 13.0, range 15 to 69). The most common ocular findings were exophthalmometric proptosis of more than 20 mm (63.8%), lid lag (55.7%), lid retraction (52.8%) and tearing (38.6%). Almost 70% of patients had bilateral involvement. Elevated IOP was seen in 15 (25.4%) patients, and was significantly related to proptosis (P=0.007). More than half of the patients (n=36, 52.2%) had a modified Werner’s NO SPECS score of 3.00. Clinical severity as shown by the increasing number of signs and symptoms per patient was correlated to increasing age (r=0.31, P=0.01) but not to gender (P=0.17).
Conclusions: Both functional (ocular motility disorders, increased IOP) and cosmetic (proptosis, periorbital edema) sequels are common ocular presentations in patients with Graves' disease. Proptosis was the most common finding in this study and was associated with elevated IOP. Clinical severity was found to correlate to increasing age.

Keywords: Graves’ disease, thyroid-associated eye disease, proptosis, no specs
Full-Text [PDF 461 kb]   (551 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Ophtalmology
Received: 2016/10/17 | Accepted: 2018/01/10 | Published: 2018/01/19
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Gharib S, Moazezi Z, Bayani M. Prevalence and severity of ocular involvement in Graves’ disease according to sex and age: A clinical study from Babol, Iran. Caspian J Intern Med. 2018; 9 (2) :178-183
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-888-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 2 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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