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:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (1-2018) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2018, 9(1): 16-21 Back to browse issues page
Trends in epidemiology of Hepatitis B and C Infections in Ilam Province: National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System data
Salman Khazaei, Manoochehr Karami, Erfan Ayubi, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Azim Hasanbeigi , Kamyar Mansori, Mohammad Reza Mir-Shekar
Deputy of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , azim1836@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3791 Views)
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are the main causes of severe liver failure worldwide. This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence rate and trend of these infections over six successive years from 2008 to 2013 in Ilam Province, western Iran.
Methods: We studied the registered data of HBV and HCV based on the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System in Ilam Province from 2008 to 2013. Incidence rate per 100,000 populations was estimated for HBV and HCV infections through location, years and age groups of patients.
Results: The overall incidence rate per 100,000 populations from 2008 to 2013 for HBV infection was 9.57, 5.83, 16.26, 12.44, 21.89 and 13.93, respectively. The corresponding values for HCV infection were 0.55, 0.72, 1.44, 2.69, 1.24 and 1.93, respectively and these trends for both the HBV and HCV infections were increasing. The major distribution of HBV and HCV infections was 25-44 years of age. Both HBV and HCV infections were more common in males, urban areas and married patients. Forty-one percent of cases were carriers and history of surgery was the common risk factor.
Conclusions: Our results showed that HBV and HCV are prevalent in the middle-age group. Despite effective vaccination against hepatitis B, optimized blood donor screening and better sterilization procedures for blood products, trend of HBV and HCV in Ilam are increasing. Further studies should address the role other risk factors in the trend of HBV and HCV.

Keywords: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Incidence, Trend, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 407 kb]   (690 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Received: 2016/10/21 | Accepted: 2017/04/29 | Published: 2018/01/23
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Khazaei S, Karami M, Ayubi E, Mohammadbeigi A, Hasanbeigi A, Mansori K et al . Trends in epidemiology of Hepatitis B and C Infections in Ilam Province: National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System data. Caspian J Intern Med. 2018; 9 (1) :16-21
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-893-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 1 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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