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Caspian J Intern Med 2021, 12(4): 586-592 Back to browse issues page
Revelation of subclinical left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using 2016 ASE/ EACVI guidelines
Srivatsa Raghothama , Akshay Rao *
Department of General Medicine, Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India , akshayrao19@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2406 Views)
Background: Few studies have used the 2016 American Society of Echocardiography/ European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (ASE/EACVI) guidelines to detect left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) among asymptomatic normotensive type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients.
Methods: 200 asymptomatic non-hypertensive diabetic cases and 281 controls matched for age and body mass index without evidence of arrhythmias, valvular, myocardial, pericardial or coronary artery disease underwent diastology assessment using 2 dimensional and M-mode echocardiography along with tissue Doppler imaging.
Results: The presence of LVDD was seen to be significantly higher among the members of the diabetic group compared to the controls (35 vs. 14; P=0.001). The diabetics with LVDD had a longer duration of diabetes {8.04±7.75 vs. 5.27±5.49 years; P=0.04}, along with higher glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) {8.40±1.38 vs. 7.80±1.60% ; P=0.05}, fasting blood glucose (FBS) {211.35±78.15  vs. 187.89±107.90 mg/dL; P=0.009, 2 hour post prandial blood glucose} (PPBS) {237.89±107.9 vs. 211.35±78.15 mg/dL; P=0.04}, serum triglyceride (TG) {246.91±171.82 vs. 163.44±99.37 mg/dL; P=0.008} yet had lower serum very low density lipoprotein levels (VLDL) {19.74±15.01 vs. 27.61±17.89 mg/dL; P=0.01}.
Conclusion: This is one of the few studies so far to have demonstrated a higher occurrence of LVDD specifically among asymptomatic normotensive T2DM patients using the 2016 ASE/EACVI guidelines.
Keywords: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, Diabetic Cardiomyopathy, Diastology, Tissue Doppler Imaging, 2016 ASE/EACVI guideline
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2020/05/22 | Accepted: 2020/12/28 | Published: 2021/09/19
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Raghothama S, Rao A. Revelation of subclinical left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using 2016 ASE/ EACVI guidelines. Caspian J Intern Med 2021; 12 (4) :586-592
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2333-en.html

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Volume 12, Issue 4 (Autumn 2021) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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