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:: Volume 12, Issue 4 (9-2021) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2021, 12(4): 2-0 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Jaundice incidence between infants of mothers taking and non-taking Zinc during the third trimester of pregnancy
Hassan Boskabadi , Gholamali Maamouri , Maryam Zakerihamidi * , Atiyeh Mohammadzadeh Vatanchi , Mohammad Sokhtanloo , Marzieh Sadat Mousavi , Sara Ghahremani , Fathemeh Bagheri
Department of Midwifery, School of Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Tonekabon, Iran , maryamzakerihamidi@yahoo.co.nz
Abstract:   (82 Views)
Introduction: Recognition and controlling the predisposing factors of jaundice can help reducing incidence and complications of it. The infant's serum level of Zinc is one of the factors affecting severity and incidence of infantile jaundice, so present study was conducted with the aim of comparing jaundice incidence in infants of mothers taking Zinc supplement and non-taking Zinc supplement.
Method and material: We compared the incidence of jaundice during the first week of life between infants of mothers receiving Zinc during their third trimester and infants whose mothers did not receive Zinc in an observational study. The checklist of infant's conditions of both case and control groups were completed based on acquired data regarding infant,the mother and laboratory testing. Data analysis was performed using chi-square, T-test and SPSS 20.
Results: Mean serum levels of Zinc were 79.76±15.69 mg/dl and 70.93±15.67 mg/dl for mothers who had received Zinc during the third trimester and control group respectively and the mean serum levels of bilirubin for their infants were 15.15±2.03 mg/dl and 11.12±64.3mg/dl respectively. The mean serum levels for Zinc in infant group which underwent phototherapy was 41.68±9.21mg/dl and in the infant group which did not receive phototherapy was 68.53±20.85mg/dl (p=0.000). 36% of infants whose mothers did not received Zinc underwent phototherapy, while only 11% of infants of mothers who had taken Zinc supplements received phototherapy.
Conclusion: Zinc consumption during the last trimester increased serum level of Zinc in both infant and mother, reducing incidence and severity of idiopathic jaundice in need of treatment.
Keywords: infants, hyper-bilirubinemia, Zinc, umbilical cord, Jaundice
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2019/08/2 | Accepted: 2020/09/2 | Published: 2021/09/19
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Boskabadi H, Maamouri G, Zakerihamidi M, Mohammadzadeh Vatanchi A, Sokhtanloo M, Mousavi M S, et al . Comparison of Jaundice incidence between infants of mothers taking and non-taking Zinc during the third trimester of pregnancy. Caspian J Intern Med. 2021; 12 (4) :2-0
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2005-en.html

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Volume 12, Issue 4 (9-2021) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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