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:: Volume 12, Issue 4 (9-2021) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2021, 12(4): 551-561 Back to browse issues page
The relation of dietary status with demographic and anthropometric variables and with some health affecting risk factors in people of Southeastern Iran: A population based study (KERCADRS)
Hamid Najafipour , Farzaneh Abdollahi , Mojgan Khatibi * , Raheleh Amirzadeh
Physiology Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences and Department of Nutrition, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , m13842837@gmail.com
Abstract:   (617 Views)
Background: Dietary pattern is influenced by lifestyle, genetic, cultural, and socioeconomic factors. We investigated the status of prudent (PDP) and imprudent (IDP) dietary patterns and their relationship with demographic and anthropometric variables and health conditions in an urban population of Southeastern Iran.
Methods: The study was conducted on 9997 people aged 15-80 years randomly selected using one-stage cluster sampling. Demographic and anthropometric measurements were recorded through face-to-face interview, and their nutritional status was assessed by the food frequency questionnaire. PDP and IDP were identified based on scoring to the type and daily/weekly frequency of foods consumed and their production methods.
Results: Fifty nine percent of the participants were females. PDP participants reported daily intake of whole grains (99.5%), fruits (66.5%), and unsaturated oil (88.6%). Daily intake of sweets and high fat dairy products were 55.7% and 46%, respectively. Women (64.8% vs 35.2 %) and people with diabetes (p<0.001), hypertension (p<0.01), and higher BMI (p<0.02) had healthier dietary status. People with lower education, cigarette smokers and opium users had a higher rate of IDP (all p<0.001). The dietary pattern improved with aging (AOR of IDP decreased from 1 in 15-24 years to 0.20 for 65-75 years) (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Younger people, men and those with lower education had unhealthier dietary pattern. It seems that dietary behavior is more related to the individuals' tendencies and taste preferences. Modification of nutritional behaviors of the population and leading young people, men, and those with lower education to improve their dietary pattern is recommended.
Keywords: Dietary patterns, prudent diet, risk factors, health outcomes, Southeastern Iran
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2020/09/7 | Accepted: 2020/12/23 | Published: 2021/09/19
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Najafipour H, Abdollahi F, khatibi M, Amirzadeh R. The relation of dietary status with demographic and anthropometric variables and with some health affecting risk factors in people of Southeastern Iran: A population based study (KERCADRS). Caspian J Intern Med. 2021; 12 (4) :551-561
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2489-en.html


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Volume 12, Issue 4 (9-2021) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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