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Caspian J Intern Med 2022, 13 - Covid 19 Supplement 2: 148-154 Back to browse issues page
Impact of Hypertension and Physical Fitness on SARS-COV-2 and related Consequences. (Possible mechanisms with focusing on ACE2)
Mehdi Kushkestani * , Mohsen Parvani , Mahsa Moghadassi , Yaser Kazemzadeh , Kiandokht Moradi
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran , mehdi.kushk@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1272 Views)
Hypertension disease as an absolute risk factor of Covid-19 disease has been well-proven in recent evidence. The factors such as the use of antihypertensive drugs, protein expression, and compensatory axes resulted in hypertension disease playing very important roles in the occurrence of this problem. In this review study, we first attempted to investigate the higher chance reason for Covid-19 disease in people with high blood pressure; then we examined the related mechanisms, and finally, we reported the differences and similarities between people with high blood pressure and athletes. All in all, we concluded that people who exercise regularly, the same as hypertensive patients (Compensatory mechanism) are more susceptible to COVID-19 infection due to the high concentration of ACE2 (Physiological mechanism) caused by exercise adaptation, but for the low level of ANG2 (Systematic and gene expression) these individuals (Active subjects) indicate fewer complications and severity symptoms of COVID-19  such as dyspnea, hospitalization and, heart disease compared with hypertensive patients.
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, Hypertension, Exercise, Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, Physical Fitness, Renin-Angiotensin System
Full-Text [PDF 257 kb]   (308 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Imonology
Received: 2020/10/15 | Accepted: 2021/02/20 | Published: 2022/04/6
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Kushkestani M, Parvani M, Moghadassi M, Kazemzadeh Y, Moradi K. Impact of Hypertension and Physical Fitness on SARS-COV-2 and related Consequences. (Possible mechanisms with focusing on ACE2). Caspian J Intern Med 2022; 13 :148-154
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2550-en.html


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Volume 13 - Covid 19 Supplement 2 Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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