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:: Volume 13, Issue 3 (Summer 2022) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2022, 13(3): 555-566 Back to browse issues page
Effect of lifestyle modification for two years on obesity and metabolic syndrome components in elementary students: A community- based trial
Bita Rabbani , Hossein Chiti * , Faranak Sharifi , Saeedeh Mazloomzadeh
Zanjan Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , h.chiti@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (279 Views)
Background: Lifestyle modifications, especially improving nutritional patterns and increasing physical activity are the most important factors in preventing obesity and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. For this purpose, the following interventional study was designed to investigate the effects of educational programs for students, as well as the changes in diet and physical activity on obesity and components of the metabolic syndrome.
Methods: This study is part of an interventional research project (elementary school) conducted on all students of Sama schools in Zanjan and Abhar in three levels;elementary, middle and high school, including 1000 individuals in Zanjan (intervention group) and 1000 individuals (control group) in Abhar in 2011. Interventions were based on educating students, teachers and parents, changes in food services and physical activity. We primarily measured anthropometric indices, fasting blood sugar, lipid profiles and blood pressure and completed standard nutrition and physical activity questionnaires. Also, blood insulin levels were randomly measured in a number of students. Data analysis was done by SPSS software Version 16.0.
Results: Overall, 589 individuals (252 males, 337 females) entered the case group and 803 individuals (344 males, 459 females) entered the control group. After two years of intervention, the mean waist circumference (63.8±10.9) and diastolic BP (63.8±10.4) were significantly lower, however, the mean systolic BP (10.1.0±12.5), food score (25.0±5.0) and drinking score (12.1±2.3) were higher in the intervention group (p<0.001). Comparing the components of metabolic syndrome between the second year and at the time of recruitment within the intervention group, showed that although the number of overweight/obese individuals, individuals with hypertriglyceridemia and high LDL increased, while those with abdominal obesity, high BP, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance decreased (p<0.001). On the other hand, in the control group, the number of individuals with high BP increased significantly.
Conclusion: The prevalence of abdominal obesity and hypertension, which are the two major components of metabolic syndrome, are much higher in our study than the other regions of the country. However, interventions for modification of diet and increasing physical activity, are effective in lowering of their prevalence.

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, Physical activity, Attitude, Life style, Nutrition, Elementary school
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2021/02/7 | Accepted: 2021/08/28 | Published: 2022/06/1
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Rabbani B, Chiti H, Sharifi F, Mazloomzadeh S. Effect of lifestyle modification for two years on obesity and metabolic syndrome components in elementary students: A community- based trial. Caspian J Intern Med. 2022; 13 (3) :555-566
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2758-en.html

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Volume 13, Issue 3 (Summer 2022) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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