[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 14, Issue 1 (Winter 2023) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2023, 14(1): 143-146 Back to browse issues page
Fat Embolism in Sickle-Cell Disease: A Case Report with Literature Review
Ahmad Almatar * , Kawther Hadhiah
Department of Neurology, King Fahad Hospital of The University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia , Ahmadalmatar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (243 Views)
Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with an under-recognized and well-known complication of bone marrow necrosis known as cerebral fat embolism (CFE).
Case Presentation: We report a case of successfully treated SCD patient suffering from non-traumatic cerebral fat embolism (NCFE) who came with initial manifestation of localized pain followed by loss of consciousness and absence of cardiac shunt.
This was an unusual case of fat embolism in SCD patient with the absence of right-to-left cardiac shunt indicating the biochemical etiology. Patient initially showed localized pain followed by loss of consciousness, suggesting that any such initial manifestation in patient of SCD should be suspected for CFE. MRI served as an accurate diagnostic tool showing the characteristic neuroradiologic sign. Treatment with exchange-transfusion recovered the patient successfully.
Conclusion: Overall, this case suggested that prompt diagnosis using MRI and treatment with RBC exchange could lead to better outcomes in SCD patients suffering from CFE.
Keywords: Cerebral Fat Embolism, Sickle-cell Disease, Starfield Appearance, Non-traumatic cerebral fat embolism
Full-Text [PDF 194 kb]   (174 Downloads)    
Type of Study: case report | Subject: Hematology
Received: 2021/05/10 | Accepted: 2021/09/11 | Published: 2023/01/11
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Almatar A, Hadhiah K. Fat Embolism in Sickle-Cell Disease: A Case Report with Literature Review. Caspian J Intern Med 2023; 14 (1) :143-146
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2897-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 14, Issue 1 (Winter 2023) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4540