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:: Volume 13 - Covid 19 Supplement 2 ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2022, 13 - Covid 19 Supplement 2: 228-235 Back to browse issues page
CT-severity score in COVID-19 patients: for whom is it applicable best?
Alireza Almasi Nokiani , Razieh Shahnazari , Mohammad Amin Abbasi , Farshad Ddivsalar , Marzieh Bayazidi , Azadeh Sadatnaseri *
Department of Cardiology, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , asn350@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1722 Views)
Background: lung involvement in COVID-19 can be quantified by chest CT scan. We evaluated the triage and prognostication performance of seven proposed CT-severity score (CTSS) systems in two age groups of ≥65 and <65 years old.
Methods: Confirmed COVID-19 patients by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) admitted from February 20th, 2020 to July 22nd were included in a retrospective single center study. Clinical disease severity at presentation and at peak disease severity were recorded. CT images were scored according to seven different scoring systems (CTSS1-CTSS7). The cohort was divided into two age groups of ≥65 and <65 years old. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves for each age group for diagnosis of severe/critical disease on admission (for triage) were plotted. Such curves were also plotted for predicting severe/critical disease at peak disease severity (for prognostication), and critical disease at peak severity (for prognostication). Areas under the curve (AUCs), best thresholds, and corresponding sensitivities (Sens.) and specificities (Spec.) were calculated.
Results: 96 patients were included with a mean age of 63.6±17.4 years. All CTSSs in 65-year-old or more group (N=55) showed excellent performance (AUC=0.80-0.83, Sens.+Spec.= 155-162%) in triage and excellent or outstanding performance (AUC=0.81-0.92, Sens.+Spec.= 153-177%) in prognostication. In the younger group (N=44), all CTSSs were unsatisfactory for triage (AUC=0.49-0.57) and predicting severe/critical disease (AUC=0.67-0.70), but were acceptable for predicting critical disease (AUC=0.70-0.73, Sens.+Spec.= 132-151%).
Conclusion: CTSS is an excellent tool in triage and prognostication in patients with COVID-19 ≥65 years old, but is of limited value in younger patients.
Keywords: COVID-19, Computed Tomography, ROC Curve, Area Under Curve, CT-severity score
Full-Text [PDF 175 kb]   (551 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Radiology
Received: 2021/08/1 | Accepted: 2021/12/18 | Published: 2022/04/6
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Almasi Nokiani A, Shahnazari R, Abbasi M A, Ddivsalar F, Bayazidi M, Sadatnaseri A. CT-severity score in COVID-19 patients: for whom is it applicable best?. Caspian J Intern Med 2022; 13 :228-235
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3032-en.html

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Volume 13 - Covid 19 Supplement 2 Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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