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:: Volume 15, Issue 1 (Winter 2024) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2024, 15(1): 188-192 Back to browse issues page
Severe Murine Typhus complicated by multiple organ dysfunctions: a case report
Ermira Muco , Arta Karruli , Anjeza Dajlani , Arjana Zerja , Artan Bego
Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital University Center “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania , ermiramuco@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (341 Views)
Background: Rickettsioses are infectious diseases which are caused by intracellular bacteria which belong to the family Rickettsiaceae. This zoonosis endemically prefers tropical and subtropical regions of which the Mediterranean is included. Murine typhus is a type of rickettsial disease that commonly presents with undulating fever, headache rash, chills, malaise, and myalgias. It can lead to complications such as multi-organ failure and has a lethality rate of <5% in such cases.
Case Presentation: A 70-year-old male was hospitalized at the Unit of Infectious Diseases, Mother Teresa Hospital, Tirana, Albania in a comatose condition. He had a seven-day history of fever up to 39-40°C, headache, fatigue, anorexia, vomiting, cough, and myalgia. He was a farmer and had contact with animals. Upon admission, he had scleral hemorrhages, hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, maculopapular rash over the trunk, abdomen, and palms of his hands as well as severe acidosis, depressed bicarbonate levels, alteration in liver, kidney, and pancreas function tests. He was urgently transferred to the Intensive care unit of the Infectious Diseases Department. He was hemodynamically unstable and was put immediately on vasoactive agents and mechanical ventilation. ELISA Rickettsia typhi IgM resulted positive. Supportive treatment along with antibiotics Levofloxacin and Ceftriaxone was initiated. However, the patient died on the 4th day of hospitalization and the 11th of the disease onset.
Conclusion: Murine typhus should be included in the investigation of possible causes when dealing with patients presenting with fever and maculopapular rash complicated by multi-organ failure and coming from a typhus-endemic area, especially in the summer season.

 
Keywords: rickettsial diseases, murine typhus, multi-organ failure
Full-Text [PDF 352 kb]   (223 Downloads)    
Type of Study: case report | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Received: 2022/06/13 | Accepted: 2024/01/9 | Published: 2024/01/9
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Muco E, Karruli A, Dajlani A, Zerja A, Bego A. Severe Murine Typhus complicated by multiple organ dysfunctions: a case report. Caspian J Intern Med 2024; 15 (1) :188-192
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3520-en.html


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Volume 15, Issue 1 (Winter 2024) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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