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:: Volume 14, Issue 4 (Autumn 2023) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2023, 14(4): 607-617 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of hypertension in Iran: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of community-based studies
Salman Mohammadi , Soheil Hassanipour , Hamed Delam , Hossein-Ali Nikbakht , Zohreh Ghaem Far , Donya Firoozi , Elnaz Ghaem Far , Hamid Abdolazimi , Ali Ghaffarian-Bahraman
Occupational Environment Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran , ghafarian91@gmail.com
Abstract:   (572 Views)
Background: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the primary risk factors for heart disease and stroke worldwide. The present meta-analysis was aimed to systematically review and statistically estimate the prevalence rate of pre-hypertension (PHTN) and HTN in the Iranian child/adolescent and adult age groups.
Methods: In this study, four International databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane, as well as three Iranian databases, including SID, Magiran, and IranMedex, were separately investigated for articles published before December 2021. Also, we estimated the pooled effect size for the prevalence of PHTN and HTN in children/adolescent and adult age groups. Stata software (version 14.0) was used for all statistical analyses.
Results: From a total of 1185 articles found in database searches, fifty-one were included in the meta-analysis. The prevalence of HTN in the Iranian adult population was 26.26% (25.11 % and 26.22 % for women and men, respectively). Meanwhile, the prevalence of PHTN and HTN in the child/adolescent age group was 8.97% (95% CI 7.33 - 10.61) and 8.98% (95% CI 7.59 - 10.36), respectively.
Conclusions: This study provides information which can be used for various purposes, including study designing. Further nationwide surveys should be carried out to obtain accurate information on the HTN prevalence rate, particularly based on the American College of Cardiology /American Heart Association guidelines in the Iranian population.

Keywords: Hypertension, ACC/AHA guidelines, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 801 kb]   (255 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Cardiology
Received: 2022/12/3 | Accepted: 2023/04/5 | Published: 2023/09/19
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Mohammadi S, Hassanipour S, Delam H, Nikbakht H, Ghaem Far Z, Firoozi D, et al . Prevalence of hypertension in Iran: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of community-based studies. Caspian J Intern Med 2023; 14 (4) :607-617
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3777-en.html

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Volume 14, Issue 4 (Autumn 2023) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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