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:: Volume 14, Issue 4 (Autumn 2023) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2023, 14(4): 720-727 Back to browse issues page
The 30-year incremental pattern of breast cancer: a study in the northern of Iran
Mahboobeh Asgharian , Dariush Moslemi , Mohammad Ali Jahani * , Ali Bijani , Hossein_Ali Nikbakht , Hakimeh Mehdizadeh
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I R Iran , Drmajahani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (335 Views)
Background: Rapid economic progress and cultural-social changes have led to lifestyle changes and increased risk of breast cancer all around the world, including Iran. This study aims to investigate the 30-year incremental pattern of breast cancer in patients of Shahid Rajaei Radiation Therapy Center in Babolsar, North of Iran.‌‌
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the data were retrospectively extracted from the physical and electronic files of patients diagnosed with breast cancer from 1992 to 2021 every 5 year by census method, during the study, overall, 1326 patients' information out of 6199 patients was analyzed using SPSSV.22 software at the level of p-value ≤ 0.05.
Results: The average age of patients was 49.84 ± 11.26 years, which has been increasing over the years of study. (99.13%) 6143 patients were women, the mean and standard deviation of their BMI was 29.63 ± 6.00, the number of patients with stage 1 is increasing, and patients with stage 3 is decreasing. (65.70%) 871 people went through Radical Mastectomy (MRM), (19.68%) 261 people experienced metastasis. There was a statistically significant relation between the type of surgery, stage of cancer, metastasis, and local recurrence within the years of study (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Breast cancer and the age of getting it have increased in recent years. However, advanced stages as well as metastasis and local recurrence have decreased during the investigated years. Therefore, it is recommended to continuously warn women about the risk factors and develop suitable disease screening programs and implement them effectively.

Keywords: Breast cancer, Risk factor, Prevention, Metastasis
Full-Text [PDF 920 kb]   (178 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Oncology
Received: 2023/05/5 | Accepted: 2023/06/29 | Published: 2023/09/6
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Asgharian M, Moslemi D, Jahani M A, Bijani A, Nikbakht H, Mehdizadeh H. The 30-year incremental pattern of breast cancer: a study in the northern of Iran. Caspian J Intern Med 2023; 14 (4) :720-727
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-3945-en.html

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Volume 14, Issue 4 (Autumn 2023) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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