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:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (7-2015) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2015, 6(3): 141-147 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of age related macular degeneration among elderly smokers results from AHAP study
Ahmad Rasoulinejad, Amin Zarghami, Seyed Reza Hosseini, Neda Rajaee, Seyed Elahe Rasoulinejad, Ebrahim Mikaniki *
dept of ophthalmology, Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , ebrahim_mikaninki@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7176 Views)

 Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual impairment and blindness in elderly population in the developing countries. Previous epidemiological studies revealed various potential modifiable risk factors for this disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of AMD among elderly living in Babol, North of Iran. 

 Methods:  The study population of this cross-sectional study came from  the Amirkola Health and Ageing Project (AHAP), the first comprehensive cohort study of the health of people aged 60 years and over in Amirkola, North of Iran. The prevalence of AMD was estimated and its risk was determined using logistic regression analysis (LRA) with regard to variables such as smoking, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and diabetes.

 Results: Five hundred and five participants with mean age of 71.55±5.9 (ranged 60-89) years entered the study. The prevalence of AMD was 17.6%. There was a significant association between AMD and smoking (P<0.001) but no association was seen with AMD and age, level of education, history of hyperlipidemia, hypertension and diabetes. Multiple LRAs revealed that smoking increased AMD by odds ratio of 5.03 (95% confidence interval 2.47-10.23 p<0.001) as compared to nonsmokers

 Conclusion: According to our findings, the prevalence of AMD was relatively high and smoking increased the risk of AMD in the elderly population.

 
Keywords: Aged, Smoker, Macular Degeneration, Risk factors
Full-Text [PDF 181 kb]   (2162 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Ophtalmology
Received: 2015/01/4 | Accepted: 2015/04/29 | Published: 2015/06/6
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Rasoulinejad A, Zarghami A, Hosseini S R, Rajaee N, Rasoulinejad S E, Mikaniki E. Prevalence of age related macular degeneration among elderly smokers results from AHAP study. Caspian J Intern Med. 2015; 6 (3) :141-147
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-455-en.html


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Volume 6, Issue 3 (7-2015) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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