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:: دوره 7، شماره 2 - ( 1-1395 ) ::
جلد 7 شماره 2 صفحات 119-114 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Multidrug resistance pattern of bacterial agents isolated from patient with chronic sinusitis
چکیده:   (8293 مشاهده)

Background: Treatment of chronic sinusitis is complicated due to increase of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The aim of this study was to determine the multidrug resistance (MDR) pattern of the bacteria causing chronic sinusitis in north of Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on patients with chronic sinusitis. Bacterial susceptibility to antimicrobial agents was determined according to the CLSI 2013 standards. Double-disk synergy (DDS) test was performed for the detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria; also methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (MRSA) strains were identified by MRSA screen agar.  The MDR isolates were defined as resistant to 3 or more antibiotics. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17 software. Descriptive statistics was used to describe the features of the data in this study.

Results: The rate of ESBL-producing bacteria was 28.75-37.03% among enterobacteriaceae and the rate of MRSA was 42.75%-60% among Staphylococcus strains. The most detectable rate of the MDR bacterial isolates was Gram-negative bacteria 39 (76.47%) and Enterobacter spp. 19(70.37%) was the most multidrug resistant isolate among Gram negative bacteria. Also 36 (73.46%) of the gram positive bacterial isolated were multidrug resistance and Staphylococcus aureus 9(90%) was the most MDR among Gram positive bacteria.

Conclusion: Antimicrobial resistance is increasing in chronic bacterial sinusitis. The emergence of MRSA and ESBL bacteria causing chronic sinusitis is increasing

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نوع مطالعه: Original Article | موضوع مقاله: Microbiology
دریافت: 1394/4/6 | پذیرش: 1394/9/23 | انتشار: 1394/12/24
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Rezai M, Pourmousa R, Dadashzadeh R, Ahangarkani F. Multidrug resistance pattern of bacterial agents isolated from patient with chronic sinusitis. Caspian J Intern Med. 2016; 7 (2) :114-119
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-575-fa.html

Multidrug resistance pattern of bacterial agents isolated from patient with chronic sinusitis. 1. 1395; 7 (2) :119-114

URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-575-fa.html



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دوره 7، شماره 2 - ( 1-1395 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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