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:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2019) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2019, 10(3): 343-346 Back to browse issues page
Unilateral eyelid edema and mucosal involvement as the first presentations of Wegener granulomatosis
Rana Rafiei , Narges Alizadeh , Kaveh Gharaeinejad , Behnam Rafiee , Sara Naji rad
Skin Research Center, Dermatology Department, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Razi Hospital, , rafieirana2@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1224 Views)
Background: Wegener granulomatosis or granulomatosis with polyangiitis is a pauci-immune small vessel vasculitis which is usually associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) mainly in old men. This small vessel vasculitis is usually characterized by necrotizing granulomatous inflammation with multiorgan involvement. Kidneys could be involved as the main and life-threatening condition in Wegener granulomatosis.  Oral or ocular lesions may occur as the first and uncommon presentations before internal organ involvement in these patients and could be misdiagnosed with other diseases.
Case presentation: We present a 24-year-old man with erosions and ulcerations on palatal mucosa and a strawberry-like gingival hypertrophy associated with nasal congestion and epistaxis which two stated months ago. Also he had an episode of unilateral blepharitis and upper eyelid edema five months ago. Mucosal biopsy showed perivascular infiltrations of mainly neutrophils, some eosinophils and rare giant cells. He had elevated level of proteinase 3–ANCA or C-ANCA with microscopic hematuria without significant kidney involvement in kidney biopsy. Mucosal lesions and hematuria improved after two months of treatment with oral prednisolone.
Conclusion: Unilateral eyelid edema and mucosal erosions in a young man could be the uncommon presentations of Wegener granulomatosis.
Keywords: Wegener’s granulomatosis, oral lesions, eyelid edema
Full-Text [PDF 658 kb]   (172 Downloads)    
Type of Study: case report | Subject: Dermathology
Received: 2018/07/8 | Accepted: 2018/11/18 | Published: 2019/07/27
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Rafiei R, Alizadeh N, Gharaeinejad K, Rafiee B, Naji rad S. Unilateral eyelid edema and mucosal involvement as the first presentations of Wegener granulomatosis. Caspian J Intern Med. 2019; 10 (3) :343-346
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-1548-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2019) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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