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A 25-year trend in gastrointestinal cancers in northern Iran (1991-2016)
Hakimeh Mehdizadeh , Ghahraman Mahmoudi , Dariush Moslemi , Ali Bijani , Mohammad Ali Jahani *
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , drmajahani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (74 Views)
Background: Identifyng the incidence of cancer helps in planning and prioritizing resources for its screening, prevention, treatment and diagnosis. This study aimed at investigating a 25-year trend in gastrointestinal cancer in Northern Iran in the time span of 1991-2016.
Methods: This research was a trend analysis. Study population was one thousand five hundred and thirty-five cancer patients referring to Shahid Rajai Hospital in Babolsar, northern Iran, as the only center for radiotherapy in the North of Iran, during 1991-2016.
Results: The highest incidence of stomach cancer was 111 (35%) in 2011 and the lowest incidence was 44 (16.3%) in 1996, The highest frequency of esophageal cancer was reported 137(56.1%) cases in 1991 and the lowest frequency was 78 (26.3%) cases in 2016, while the highest incidence of colorectal cancer was 109 (36.7%) cases in 2016 and its lowest frequency was 32 (16.3%) in 1996. There was also a significant difference in the frequency of gastrointestinal cancers in different studied years (p <.001).
Conclusions: The trends in the incidence of stomach and colorectal cancers in northern Iran were increasing and esophageal cancer was decreasing.

 
Keywords: Colorectal Cancer, Esophageal Cancer, Gastrointestinal Cancer, Incidence
     
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Oncology
Received: 2019/02/26 | Accepted: 2019/06/8
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Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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