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:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (9-2018) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2018, 9(4): 406-409 Back to browse issues page
Hemothorax as the first manifestation of idiopathic pulmonary arteriovenous malformation
Maja Crkvenac, Marko Jakopovic, Ana Hecimovic, Gordana Pavlisa, Miroslav Samarzija, Andrea Vukic Dugac *
Department of Respiratory Diseases ‘Jordanovac’, University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia , adugac71@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2648 Views)
Background: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) are rare pulmonary vascular anomalies and hemothorax as a presenting feature of PAVM is a very rare occurrence.
Case presentation: A 45-year old woman presented with chest pain and breathlessness. A chest x-ray showed left-sided pleural effusion. An emergency MSCT scan with contrast showed no signs of pulmonary embolism but instead a probable AV malformation was shown. Diagnostic thoracocentesis revealed hemorrhagic exudate with negative cytology and microbiology findings. Thoracic drainage was performed resulting with complete regression of hemothorax. Three months later, patient was treated with transcatheter embolization of PAVM with good clinical outcome.
Conclusions: We have shown that management of PAVM related hemothorax initially by thoracic drainage followed by later on performed catheter embolization of the PAVM could lead to a successful outcome.
Keywords: idiopathic PAVM, pleural effusion, hemothorax, catheter embolisation
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Type of Study: case report | Subject: Pulmonology
Received: 2017/08/5 | Accepted: 2018/01/2 | Published: 2018/10/1
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Crkvenac M, Jakopovic M, Hecimovic A, Pavlisa G, Samarzija M, Vukic Dugac A. Hemothorax as the first manifestation of idiopathic pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. Caspian J Intern Med. 2018; 9 (4) :406-409
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-1167-en.html

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Volume 9, Issue 4 (9-2018) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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