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:: Volume 5, Issue 2 (2-2014) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2014, 5(2): 89-93 Back to browse issues page
Ileocecal patch –low rectal anastomosis in total colectomy: New idea for the prevention of fecal incontinence
Valiullah Mehrabi *, Leily Mohajerzadeh, Alireza Mirshemirani, Ahmad Khaleghnejad Tabari, Azadeh Falahi, Shabnam Abtahi, Marjan Kafaei
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (12935 Views)
Background: Total colectomy is used in children with total colonic aganglionosis, Ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The purpose of this study was to maintain ileocecal valve and rectal-sparing surgery for the prevention of fecal incontinence in these children. Methods: From1990 to 2011, 14 children with diagnosis of UC, FAP and Hirschsprung’s disease were operated. Total colectomy was done with the preservation of patch of cecum with ileocecal valve and half of the rectum with ileocecorectal anastomosis. Distal ileum designed as S shape pouch and ileocecal valve were preserved. In Hirschsprung’s disease, posterior rectal myotomy was established. The data were collected and analyzed. Results: The mean age of the patients was 54 months (ranged from 2 months to 18 years). Ten patients were male. Among 14 patients, Hirschsprung’s disease, ulcerative colitis and FAP were seen in 10, 3, and one case, respectively. They were followed up annually. Clinical and endoscopic examinations were performed to evaluate the function of ileocecorectal anastomosis. They followed from 2 to 24 years. At first year, the patients experienced four to six bowel movements during the day and one at night. This frequency decreased over time. The main postoperative complications included recurrent enterocolitis (n=2), perianal fistula (n=2). Only 2 patients were suffering from some degree of fecal soiling. Conclusion: The results show that the Ileocecal patch- low rectal anastomosis in total colectomy leads to low complications and prevent fecal frequency and incontinence. It also increases absorptive function of ileum in children.
Keywords: Total colostomy, Ileocecal patch, Ulcerative colitis, Hirschsprung
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2014/03/10 | Accepted: 2014/03/10 | Published: 2014/03/10
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Mehrabi V, Mohajerzadeh L, Mirshemirani A, Khaleghnejad Tabari A, Falahi A, Abtahi S et al . Ileocecal patch –low rectal anastomosis in total colectomy: New idea for the prevention of fecal incontinence. Caspian J Intern Med 2014; 5 (2) :89-93
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-260-en.html

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Volume 5, Issue 2 (2-2014) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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