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:: Volume 13, Issue 3 (Summer 2022) ::
Caspian J Intern Med 2022, 13(3): 599-606 Back to browse issues page
The association between dietary intake and cervical cancer in women at risk of cervical cancer; a nested case-control study
Moge Hajiesmaeil , Samaneh Mirzaei Dahka , Ruin Khorami , Samira Rastgoo , Fatemeh Bourbour , Sayed Hossein Davoodi, Fatemeh Shafiee , Maryam Gholamalizade , Saheb Abbas Torki , MohammadEsmail Akbari , Saeid Doaei *
Reproductive Health Research center, Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Al-zahra hospital, school of medicine, guilan university of medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , sdoaee@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (292 Views)
Background: The risk of cervical cancer was reported to be influenced by dietary components. This study aimed to illustrate the association between cervical cancer with the intake of food groups in women with a history of cervical neoplasia.
Methods: This nested case-control study was conducted in 558 people with a history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), including 279 women with cervical cancers and 279 controls with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL). A validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to assess the intake of food groups.
Results: The intake of fruits and vegetables in the case group was significantly lower than the control group (P=0.001). Low intake of dairy products, vegetables, and fruits was associated with cervical cancer risk (OR=4.67; 95% CI 1.2-9.49, P=0.001; OR=9.75, 95% CI 1.36-19. 51, P=0.001; and OR=4.82, 95% CI 1.09-7.25, P=0.001, respectively). After adjusting for age, family history, age at first menstruation, number of children, history of vaginal infection, and age at first sexual intercourse, the results were still significant. Additional adjustments to BMI did not change the results.
Conclusion: The results indicate that the risk of cervical cancer can be affected by the intake of certain food groups. Further longitudinal studies are needed to confirm these findings and determine the underlying mechanism of the influence of dietary components on cervical cancer risk.
Keywords: cervical cancer, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, dietary intake, food groups
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Oncology
Received: 2021/05/19 | Accepted: 2021/11/28 | Published: 2022/06/1
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Hajiesmaeil M, Mirzaei Dahka S, Khorami R, Rastgoo S, Bourbour F, Davoodi S H, et al . The association between dietary intake and cervical cancer in women at risk of cervical cancer; a nested case-control study. Caspian J Intern Med. 2022; 13 (3) :599-606
URL: http://caspjim.com/article-1-2918-en.html


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Volume 13, Issue 3 (Summer 2022) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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